Is it ethical to transport thousands of pets to communities with kill shelters?

Houston, TX – There is an odd myth among a lot of people in the south that communities in more northern states do not have kill shelters.  Some southerners have said that communities up north are literally begging for more dogs and cats and that their shelters have empty cages because there is such a shortage of companion animals there.

I’ve heard many stories about southern rescuers transporting animals up north to what they believe is “mecca”; the magical northern state where no shelter pets are killed.   Unfortunately, this belief is fiction.   If it were true, No Kill advocacy groups like No Kill Colorado, No Kill Wisconsin, No Kill New York, No Kill New Hampshire, No Kill New JerseyNo Kill Ohio and Animal Ark in Minnesota, would not exist. There would be no need.   But they do exist because there are kill shelters in northern states who are killing shelter pets just like in the south.   Those northern kill shelters are killing for the exact same reasons that kill shelters in the south are killing….. shelter management  refuses to implement the No Kill model of sheltering.

Recently, I was contacted by Davyd Smith, who runs No Kill Colorado.   Just like in the south, they are working to end shelter killing in Colorado.  Davyd was concerned because he had heard that a Houston group was shipping hundreds of animals to CO.  He was also concerned because he heard that Houston city council was considering giving this group more than $400,000 to ship thousands more BARC animals to their communities while they are fighting their own battles to end shelter killing.

It turns out Davyd was right.  I later received BARC’s proposed budget confirming that BARC was asking for $415,000 to pay Rescued Pets Movement (RPM) to transport BARC animals to CO.

Obviously, it is a good thing when animals are pulled to safety from BARC, which is Houston’s pound that killed/lost 12,500+ shelter pets last year.   Over the years, I’ve pulled a lot of animals out of BARC either by adoption or by fostering and believe me, I understand the desperation of rescuers who stand in front of perfectly wonderful, adoptable animals that are slated for death at BARC the next day if no one pulls them.  I’ve looked into those innocent faces and I understand the sadness and frustration of not being able to save them all because Houston’s pound in run by management that absolutely refuses to implement the No Kill model of sheltering that has been proven to save lives.

And, I’ve seen the pictures with all the cute shelter pets being loaded onto vans headed for that promised “mecca”.    I understand how some rescuers would be desperate to believe in that mecca.   But, we cannot look at transports in a vacuum.  We cannot turn a blind eye to what is  happening at the other end of the transports.   To do so would be, at the very least, unethical.

If we ship  hundreds or thousands of shelter pets to other communities with kill shelters, that means that rescuers in those communities will not be able to pull animals off the kill lists.  Therefore, animals in those kill shelters are killed.  

Can we really call this saving lives?   Isn’t this  just exchanging one life for another?   

Do Houstonians have the right to “dump” the problems of our high kill shelters on other communities who are also struggling to save lives? 

Is it ethical to make Houston’s kill shelter’s numbers look better at the expense of animals in another community?  

I do not believe it is ethical, nor is it a viable humane solution.Animal shelter

It is not fair to the rescuers in Colorado who now have to scramble even harder to save Colorado shelter pets lives because some of their foster parents and rescue groups are loaded up with Houston pets.   It is not fair to the shelter pets in Colorado who are on death row but will not be pulled to safety by a rescue group or foster parent because those rescuers are full with Houston pets.

Mike Fry, the director of Animal Ark, wrote about the problems associated with the transport of shelter pets from the south to kill shelters in his community and other northern states.  He wrote:

A logical person would be inclined to ask, “If the transports result in no net life-saving (and they don’t), then why do they happen?” It was a question I was able to ask the director at a southern shelter that regularly ships dogs to New York.

The shelter in question was the Huntsville, Alabama animal control facility. The shelter’s director, Dr. Karen Sheppard, has maintained a miserable save rate. She is currently saving only about 25% of the cats for which she is responsible, for example.

During a recent phone conversation with Sheppard, we talked about these transports. Almost immediately, she acknowledged that the New York shelter system was very broken, resulting in a lot of needless killing. When she said this, I immediately asked her, “If you know about all the killing going on in New York, why are you shipping so many animals there?”

Sheppard laughed and simply exclaimed, “You KNOW [emphasis her’s] why we are doing it!”

In fact, I DO know why she, and others like her, are shipping animals to communities that are still killing large numbers of their own animals:   It makes all of the shelters look like they are doing better than they actually are.   Sheppard herself has recently been credited with “improving” the “save rate” for dogs to nearly 50%.   However, a careful look at the statistics shows that nearly all of the “improvement” is the result of the transport of dogs to New York.

This seems to be a very controversial and heatedly debated topic here.  In fact, I posted questions on RPM’s Facebook page asking them if they knew that  communities that they are transporting thousands of animals to are NOT No Kill communities meaning these transports could very well cause CO shelter pets to die.   I even posted some of the Colorado statistics.   No answer was forthcoming from RPM, but some RPM supporters immediately jumped in and called me a liar.

There was no attempt to even look at facts; just the immediate spewing of lies and vulgarity.


I have records from Colorado that rescue groups and shelters are required to file with the state.   It clearly shows that the communities where RPM is shipping BARC animals DO have kill shelters that are killing shelter pets.  Sometimes, more than one kill shelter.  The numbers are there.  Yes, they have lower kill rates than BARC, but they are still killing adoptable shelter pets.   But, apparently RPM and supporters, do not want to look at facts about the cities where they have sent over 2,600 animals, and the consequences they can cause.

To add to my concerns of Colorado shelter pets being killed because of these transports, additional very troubling information was forwarded to me.   I received copies of a Complaint filed against one of the rescue groups in Colorado (New Hope Rescue) where RPM shipped BARC pets.  The investigation of New Hope includes pictures of animals being kept in absolutely filthy conditions.   The house where many animals were roaming free, shows feces and urine all over the house; not just in cages as BARC’s director, Greg Damianoff, told a reporter;  it is EVERYWHERE.   It looks like a hoarding house.  (The Complaint and investigative reports are linked at the bottom of this blog and pictures from the investigations are posted below).

The investigation report shows multiple visits to the New Hope house with multiple problems noted on multiple dates.  The report says that the ammonia level in one room was so high that the animals in the room were confiscated and taken to animal control…..a KILL shelter in Colorado Springs.   These were animals shipped to New Hope by RPM.   So, BARC animals were pulled from one kill shelter and ended up in another kill shelter in another state.   Look at the pictures, and read the Complaint and investigation report.  Ask yourself if you would be concerned to know that BARC shelter pets were being shipped there.  Ask yourself if you would be concerned when the photos and investigation are shown to RPM and BARC director, Greg Damianoff but are simply dismissed as “just mess in a puppy cage”.   Ask yourself if you think this whole situation is a good solution.

One of RPM’s founders, Laura Carlock, recently told a reporter, that she personally visited all of the locations where they are transporting BARC animals.  RPM also issued a statement saying “We have VERY close relationships with the groups in Colorado with whom we work. Very close. We correspond with them no less than 15 times a day“.  This causes me great concern because I have trouble believing that the New Hope hoarding house got in that condition overnight.

Included in the Complaint is a handwritten letter from a former New Hope foster parent complaining of the conditions.   She stated that New Hope was having spay/neuter surgeries performed in a trailer that was someone’s home, not a vet clinic.   She also stated that New Hope refused to use any of the $50 per pet that RPM paid them on vet care for foster animals.  The New Hope foster animals she was caring for were sick, but she was told New Hope would not pay for medical care.   It seems to me that New Hope was using this RPM transport situation as way to make some money.  Colorado records show that most of the animals that New Hope took in were from out of state;  263 out of 307 dogs and 65 out of 76 cats taken in were transports from out of state    If all of the out of state animals New Hope took were from RPM, then New Hope made $16,400 from that deal and used none of it to provide vet care for those animals.   That is quite a racket.  (Records do not indicate where New Hope got all of their  transported animals, and RPM has been less than forthcoming when questions have been asked).

After a local news report recently aired about this serious situation, RPM sent out an emailed statement claiming that the “Colorado community is furious”.  I have to think that the people who are furious are the people that RPM has been paying $50 per animal to take BARC animals.   Raising awareness of the situation is a threat to their money train.

The people in Colorado who are genuinely concerned about shelter killing in their community and who are working to end it, are upset that Houston is transporting thousands of shelter pets to their communities (over 2,600 shipped by RPM).  In fact, they have asked Houston/RPM to stop transporting animals there until they end shelter killing in their communities.  I think it is a reasonable request.  But, it appears that the city of Houston, RPM, and the CO rescuers getting paid, are willing to turn a blind eye and ignore the serious issues they are causing.   This week, the mayor agreed to give RPM $265,000 tax dollars for thousands more transports to Colorado.   This will, of course, artificially improve the appearance of BARC’s save rates.  Apparently, the promise of big bucks, and inflated live release rates are blinding them all to the killing of shelter pets that are already in Colorado.


In RPM’s recent email, they make a number of false statements.   I would like to clear up a few of the false statements that were made about me and No Kill Houston.

1)  I never told the reporter that spay/neuter was the only answer.  I don’t believe that it is and I have said this repeatedly.  Free and low cost spay/neuter is “part” of the No Kill solution but it is one of several solutions that I offered to the reporter that would save more lives and not burden another community with Houston shelter pets.  I told the reporter about many of the programs and services of the No Kill Equation that must be implemented to end shelter killing.  I even gave her a brochure explaining all of the programs of the No Kill model of sheltering.  I gave her a lot of information, but most of it did not air because of time constraints.

I did tell the reporter that part of that $330,000 additional money that the city just agreed to give to BARC for “live release initiatives” could be better used for more free spay/neuter for low income people, just like the free spay/neuter event held in which people lined up at 5:00 am, walking in the dark with flashlights to get there.  There are people in Houston who are desperate for these services and will use them, if offered.  Why isn’t BARC/city of Houston using this money more wisely and spending it right here in our city where it will make a longer term impact?  Instead of taking in litter after litter after litter and shipping them to other communities over and over or killing them, BARC could say “We’ll take that litter from you but you must bring in the momma cat or dog and we will spay her FOR FREE.”

2) I also told the reporter that part of that $330,000 would be better spent on offsite adoption locations all over the city.  I have been saying this years.  In fact, in 2009, No Kill expert, Nathan Winograd told BARC that offsite adoptions were essential to raising save rates.  No Kill shelters have found this to be critical in many cases because some people absolutely will never, ever go to a facility like BARC because they kill animals there.  They cannot take it.   The problem is compounded because BARC is hidden away, on a dead end street, in an industrial part of town where no one would ever just drive by and see them.

Houston is also 600 square miles, so there are many people who live so far away that they would never drive to BARC to adopt, even if they know where it is.  Offsite adoptions, in high traffic, highly visible areas, all over the city are CRITICAL to saving more lives at BARC.

This was proven to BARC management when they organized a very successful, well marketed offsite adoption event in 2011.  I wrote about it here.  At that adoption event, BARC actually ran out of animals!  They had to go back and get more BARC animals; they told their foster parents to bring their fosters and sent some of the people to BARC to adopt.   It was July and the temperature had been around 100 degrees but people waited in long lines in order to adopt. (See a picture at the link above).   By the end of the weekend, BARC had adopted out more than 400 animals It was more than BARC had adopted out in the entire previous month.  It literally cleared out the kennels at BARC.

Since BARC management has personally experienced how successful this offsite adoption event was, a rational person would expect to see more of them, if not every day, at the very least, every weekend. 

But that is not happening.

3) I also told the reporter that if BARC would implement the same successful Return to Owner program that Washoe County animal control uses to return 60% of their animals to owners who want them back (vs. BARC’s 7% Return to Owner rate) that it could save the lives of more that 8,000 lost pets per year, empty out more than 8,000 kennels per year and SAVE over $900,000 per year in the process.  I gave her this article.  This program would be easy to implement and not require a lot of additional funding, but the returns would be enormous in both life saving and money saved.   Nathan Winograd told BARC/city of Houston leadership this in 2009, but, they have yet to implement it. 

In short, we talked about a lot of life saving alternatives that could be implemented that would not involve dumping Houston’s pets on other struggling communities.  But, none of that made it to the air, or even the online version of the report.

4) Ms. Carlock’s statement to the reporter that the only 2 options for death row BARC animals is transporting them to another state or death is absolutely and demonstrably false.   As I stated above, there are  a lot of alternatives.  There are ten programs and services that are being implemented by hundreds of communities that have been proven to save all healthy and treatable pets i.e. 90% to 99%.   None of those programs include transporting thousands of pets to other communities with kill shelters.

5) RPM stated that “No Kill Houston has not saved one single dog from BARC”.  This was used as some sort of argument that No Kill Houston should not be allowed to express concerns about serious issues involving BARC pets.  Apparently, RPM does not comprehend that No Kill Houston is an advocacy group.   It has never claimed to be a rescue group and therefore does not pull animals from kill shelters under No Kill Houston’s name.   However, I  have personally pulled more animals than I can count from BARC to foster, or adopt, both dogs and cats.    I have also fostered for a number of the rescue groups who pull animals from BARC.

But, regardless of those facts, contrary to RPM’s statement, concerned citizens are not required to have a BARC dog in their home in order to be “allowed” to express concerns about BARC animals.    We are not required to have a BARC dog in order to speak out for animals about serious issues that we see, or when animal lives are in jeapardy.   We are not required to have a BARC dog in order to advocate for the solutions that have been proven to work to save 90%+ of all shelter pets all over the country.

If that ridiculous argument were true, few people would be able to speak out and effect changes in other situations where animals are in danger such as puppy mills, inhumane zoos or circuses, inhumanely treated lab animals or endangered wildlife.   If we paid attention to RPM’s senseless argument, we would all have to have puppy mill dogs, elephants, lab animals and wild life in our homes in order to have the privilege of speaking out for animals.  It is absurd.

6) RPM stated that No Kill Houston and No Kill Colorado are “fringe” groups.  That statement would be comical if it wasn’t coming from a rescue group who say that they are working to save shelter pets.

The fact that RPM board members are apparently unaware that there are more than 500 cities and towns with Open Admission No Kill shelters is tragic

The fact that  RPM board members have not educated themselves on exactly what these communities are doing to become No Kill communities is even more tragic.  

The fact that RPM is trying to recreate the wheel, using hundreds of thousands of tax dollars and using a program that has not created a single No Kill community…. a program that, in fact, puts lives in other communities in jeopardy, is shocking. 

That fact that the city of Houston, and therefore, we are funding this smokescreen to cover BARC’s high kill rates, is appalling.

Just as there are kill shelters in across the country, there are also Open Admission, No Kill shelters across the country.   In fact, there are at least 8 Open Admission, No Kill shelters/communities right here in Texas.   All of those No Kill shelters have one thing in common.   They have leadership who is dedicated to saving lives.  They have compassionate hardworking leadership, who are willing to do what has been proven to work.

If you are not familiar with how hundreds of Open Admission shelters have stopped killing shelter pets, I urge you to do some research.  You can start at the webpages for No Kill Houston and the No Kill Advocacy Center.


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Click here to read the Investigation reports regarding New Hope Rescue: NewHopeCrueltyInvestigation-Seizure

Below are pictures taken during the investigation of New Hope Rescue and the seizure of BARC animals from New Hope’s property.



13 responses

  1. Pingback: Are shelter pet transports to communities with kill shelters ethical? | The Dog Liberator™

  2. Very well researched and written article. I have always been leary of shipping dogs to other states. It’s one thing when you have an adopter waiting on your dog but a whole other when they are being shipped by the masses to other rescues. I have always felt that this was “passing the buck”. Thank you for writing this.


  3. I am an animal reform advocate working for a number of years in South Florida attempting to implement change at the only Miami-Dade county run shelter, MDAS. For the last couple of years the shelter has been AGGRESSIVELY running a transport program in partnership with a private company, but also one independently run by the shelter as well where they use government vehicles to transport animals up north. I also run a social media page that details many of the problems with the shelter and their failed management and policies that contribute to the high numbers of animals receiving substandard medical care that eventually leads to unnecessary death as well as the high numbers of healthy animals killed for space. I have often pointed out the problems of these transport programs pointing to the fact that these programs often give incompetent shelter management excuses to NOT implement policy that would ultimately transform these shelters into No Kill environments. There have also been several cases of dogs being transported to shelters without proper investigation as to whether their policies are in fact true ‘No Kill” and where they ultimately failed that test thereby potentially transferring animals to shelters that actually kill. These programs make it easy for these incompetent managers to give themselves “cover” to make it appear that they are actually making conditions better and saving more as well as giving corrupt politicians cover to make them appear that they are really interested in improving the abusive conditions at the shelter. I content that ALL these transports do is to transfer problems from one locality to another. And the issue then becomes, “out of sight, out of mind” The shelters that run these programs do NOT care what ultimately happens to these animals transported up north. All they care about is that these animals are no longer in their shelter and therefore cannot become a part of their “kill” statistics. Never even considering that they are, in fact, contributing to healthy, adoptable animals that may never get adopted because of this influx of animals from other localities. I contend that these programs are morally corrupt as they contribute to death, not the ending of death for shelter animals.


    • Thanks for the comment, Jerry. I recently heard about planned transports from Miami to AHS in Minnesota, which is a kill shelter. I’ve also heard about a couple who was using their private plant to transport loads of animals from the south to that kill shelter in MN. A couple years ago, the Houston SPCA, a high kill shelter, tried to transport a bunch of shelter pets from Austin’s animal control, even though Austin’s AC is a No Kill shelter and the animals there were in no danger of being killed. Luckily, advocates in Austin stopped the bus and made them turn it around. There is a lot of smoke and mirrors aimed at hiding the truth, and getting donations. Transporting shelters get to say the Live Release rate is increasing and even drum up donations based on this. The shelters that are taking in the animals get to send out a plea to help those animals that they took in… of course, not bothering to mention that they killed animals to make room.


  4. There’s a lot I want to say about this issue. 1) Beware of unknown “shelters or rescues”. Do your research on where the dog is going. Remember Spindletop Rescue and the raid two years ago??? Lesson was KNOW who you are turning your dogs over to. 2) the photos of New Hope rescue are horrible and RPM should immediately stop surrendering to this group. 3) I don’t believe Laura Carlock should be made the villain here, this is Mayor Parker’s fault for trying to hide the animal overpopulation problem. She made promises to the animal community before she was elected to move Houston towards No-Kill and has not done anything towards that goal. So the question is what can we as citizens and animal lovers do to force her to make good on her promises and take the steps outlined in Laura’s email above??? It seems the petitions and marches have been ignored by the City. What else can be done?


    • Theresa, I agree with your statements. Annise Parker has totally failed to even try to keep her No Kill promises to citizens. Taking some pictures with some BARC pets (who then end up on death row) simply is not enough. She even recommended to “listen to the experts like Nathan Winograd” when she was running for office the first time, yet she has refused to do just that. But, we also have to acknowledge that Laura and RPM are the ones spending a lot of money to ship thousands of animals to CO. Even when No Kill advocates in CO objected, they are the ones who asked the city to give them hundreds of thousands more tax dollars to ship thousands more BARC pets there. That can’t be ignored.

      It is a good question —– How do we convince politicians to keep their word instead of putting up smokescreens to hide the truth? The only thing I can think of is we have to talk to city council members. We have to make them aware of the fact that there is a better way…. a more humane, more cost effective way that begins with hardworking shelter management who is dedicated to saving lives….. not just skating by with saving a few and killing the rest. And make them aware that making the hard decisions like changes in BARC leadership is the only way to get our continued votes. The most important thing to politicians is votes.

      Then, we have to work to reach as many of the 2.2 million Houston voters as possible, and make them aware of the council members who are willing to make changes and those who are not. It is hard when it is individuals and small groups fighting a “Goliath” like Houston but social media and the web has become a great equalizer.


      • I still think Laura is doing only what she had been approved to do. If the City gave her the go ahead to use the money for a satellite adoption center I’m sure she would choose that route. The City hasn’t approved any long term solutions so Laura is stuck with short term solutions to save the animals. It’s a day to day fight to save them and if she has good resources in CO then she should use them but I do hope they are monitoring the fosters/shelters who accept BARC animals more closely after this raid on New Hope. Now with regard to voting the animal friendly politicians into office, I’ve done that based on recommendations from an animal friendly group that sends questionnaires to them. There are very few candidates on the list that are “credentialed”. It’s really a joke. Also isn’t Unity for a Solution aimed at communicating the overpopulation problems to the Councilmembers and touring their districts with them? I don’t know if any headway has been made in this regard. Are there any State laws or regulations that could be mandated that would make any improvements with BARC? These politicians are not going to do anything unless we hold their feet to the fire. Hmmm, maybe we need a big “celebrity” to bring the media attention to our shameful situation. Embarrass them and create the outrage that’s needed. I know that’s been done before (during Olympics) but I’m frustrated with the fighting between the well meaning groups and the City not being held accountable.


        • Laura and Cindy Perini asked for the money to do more transports. I know people who were in the meeting with them and Damianoff when they asked for this money for this specific purpose. They did not ask for money to help fund offsite adoption centers.

          True, it is hard to get politicians to care about animal issues. But, I think if more people (their voters) contacted them about it, they would be more inclined to care. Some are more involved than they were when we started in 2008, but it is still a struggle to educate them on what is really going on, and to educate them that there is a better way.

          For instance, a councilmember called me after I sent him some information. He said information that he just received information from BARC was very different from what I sent him. So, if we aren’t telling them what is really going, constantly, and if we aren’t telling them specifically what is needed i.e. leadership who will rigorously implement the NO Kill model — they are just going to believe that everything is just great at BARC.

          I think a celebrity who is willing to help us with media attention would be helpful.

          I’m not sure what Unity for a Solution is doing. But, if it does not involve educating council members on how other communities are solving this issue and demanding the same here, I’m not sure how successful it will be.

          The problem is that a lot of people don’t want to admit that it is a leadership issue. Everyone wants to “work together” even if that means not addressing what the real problem is….. BARC leadership. BARC’s manager, Greg Damianoff actually told the reporter that if someone has a better idea, we’d love to hear it”. Seriously?? They have been provided with an unbelievable amount of information including, Nathan Winograd’s assessment and multiple Winograd “Building a No Kill community” seminars here. Damianoff and other BARC employees attended the No Kill conference in DC in 2012. This is where the people who are actually running Open Admission, No Kill shelters taught others how they did it. BARC management also claims to have visited NK communities like Austin.

          Jeez, how many times do people have to tell BARC management exactly what they need to do to stop killing before we give up the myth that management actually cares about saving lives and is actually willing to work hard to achieve greater life saving. How many years do we have to wait before BARC management actually implements anything that others have told them. At the DC No Kill conference, BARC management would not even commit to “working” towards No Kill.

          It is time to give up the myth that a substantial increase in life saving is going to occur at BARC with the current management. It is time to point out the giant elephant in the room and to put the blame where it belongs.


  5. Wonderful and well researched article Bett. I will be posting it on No Kill Revolution. I see the transporting of shelter pets from locations with high kill rates to other locations who are still killing shelter pets just down the street as one of the big problems we have to over come in our movement. I deal with it in my own community in East Tennessee. It’s like these high kill shelters and the transporting groups working with them have a religious fervor for transporting and won’t listen to reason whatsoever. I think it’s because they aren’t willing to do the hard work needed to stop the killing in their own communities and want to ship their “problems” off to another community, out of sight out of mind . They are following the path (literally) of least resistance and shelter pets on both ends are paying a heavy price for their arrogance and ignorance… Thank you and keep fighting the good fight there in Houston… Steve @ No Kill Revolution


    • Thanks Steve. I agree. It is the path of least resistance. It requires no work at all on the part of Houston’s pound. The really sad thing is the mass amount of money being thrown at this program… that has never created a No Kill community, and in fact will endanger animals in other communities. A RPM member recently told someone that they have been spending $90,000 per MONTH on this program. Can you imagine how many offsite adoption events that would fund? There could be offsite adoptions every single day of the week, all over Houston, to get those sweet faces in front of the people who would adopt them. AND there would be a return on the investment in the form of adoption fees…..all without burdening another community. Again, the No Kill model of sheltering proves to be a better, more sensible business model and a better life saving model.

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